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Difference between revisions of "Double-banded Courser" - BirdForum Opus

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{{Incomplete}}
 
{{Incomplete}}
'''Alternative name: Two-banded Courser'''
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[[Image:Double-banded_Courser.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|jdbirdman|jdbirdman}}<br />[[Namibia]], October 2004]]
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'''Alternative name: Two-banded Courser'''<br />
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''Cursorius africanus''
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;[[:Category:Rhinoptilus|Rhinoptilus]] africanus
 
;[[:Category:Rhinoptilus|Rhinoptilus]] africanus
[[Image:Double-banded_Courser.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by '''jdbirdman'''<br />Location: [[Namibia]]]]
 
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
Arid country of eastern and southern [[Africa]].
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Arid country of eastern and southern [[Africa]]<br />
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'''Western Africa''': occurs only in [[Angola]]<br />
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'''Eastern Africa''': [[Eritrea]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Djibouti]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], [[Tanzania]] and [[Zambia]]<br />
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''' Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]] and [[Lesotho]]
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
 
{{Smutsornis vs. Rhinoptilus}}
 
{{Smutsornis vs. Rhinoptilus}}
====Subspecies<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>====
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[[Image:Double-banded Courserdisplay.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Subspecies ''traylori'', displaying<br />Photo by {{user|Vernon+Lundy|Vernon Lundy}}<br />Etosha, [[Namibia]], February 2000]]
*''R. a. raffertyi'' - [[Eritrea]] to [[Ethiopia]] and [[Djibouti]]
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====Subspecies====
*''R. a. hartingi'' - SE Ethiopia (Ogaden Depression) and [[Somalia]]
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There are 8 subspecies<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>:
*''R. a. gracilis'' - [[Kenya]] and [[Tanzania]]
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*''R. a. raffertyi'':
*''R. a. bisignatus'' - SW [[Angola]]
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:*[[Eritrea]] to [[Ethiopia]] and [[Djibouti]]
*''R. a. traylori'' - Namibia (Etosha region) to [[Botswana]] (Makgadikgadi area)
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*''R. a. hartingi'':
*''R. a. sharpei'' - Central Namibia
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:*South-eastern Ethiopia (Ogaden Depression) and [[Somalia]]
*''R. a. africanus'' - Central [[Kalahari]] and s Namibia to n [[Cape Province]]
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*''R. a. gracilis'':
*''R. a. granti'' - W Cape Province and Karoo of [[South Africa]]
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:*[[Kenya]] and [[Tanzania]]
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*''R. a. bisignatus'':
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:*South-western [[Angola]]
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*''R. a. traylori'':
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:*[[Namibia]] (Etosha region) to [[Botswana]] (Makgadikgadi area)
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*''R. a. sharpei'':
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:*Central Namibia
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*''R. a. africanus'':
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:*Central Kalahari and southern Namibia to northern Cape Province
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*''R. a. granti'':
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:*Western Cape Province and Karoo of [[South Africa]]
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
This is a bird of dry and alkaline flats as well as short grass plains normally up to 1800m.
 
This is a bird of dry and alkaline flats as well as short grass plains normally up to 1800m.
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
Although it is active by day it may be nocturnal where temperatures are very high.  It is generally seen in pairs. It nests on the ground among pebbles or animal droppings, laying a single egg.
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Although it is active by day it may be nocturnal where temperatures are very high.  It is generally seen in pairs.
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====Breeding====
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It nests on the ground among pebbles or animal droppings, laying a single egg.
 
==References==
 
==References==
# Clements, James F. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2008. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
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#{{Ref-Clements6thAug11}}#Avibase
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
{{GSearch|Rhinoptilus+africanus}}
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{{GSearch|Courser+africanus}}
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[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Rhinoptilus]] [[Category:Smutsornis]]
 
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Rhinoptilus]] [[Category:Smutsornis]]

Latest revision as of 13:07, 16 August 2018


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Photo by jdbirdman
Namibia, October 2004

Alternative name: Two-banded Courser
Cursorius africanus

Rhinoptilus africanus

Identification

Distribution

Arid country of eastern and southern Africa
Western Africa: occurs only in Angola
Eastern Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Lesotho

Taxonomy

Smutsornis vs. Rhinoptilus

Some authorities (Clements, 2007) place Double-banded Courser in the monotypic genus Smutsornis. However Howard & Moore (2003) and Sibley & Monroe (1996) place it within the genus Rhinoptilus and the Opus awaits clarification.

Subspecies traylori, displaying
Photo by Vernon Lundy
Etosha, Namibia, February 2000

Subspecies

There are 8 subspecies1:

  • R. a. raffertyi:
  • R. a. hartingi:
  • South-eastern Ethiopia (Ogaden Depression) and Somalia
  • R. a. gracilis:
  • R. a. bisignatus:
  • R. a. traylori:
  • R. a. sharpei:
  • Central Namibia
  • R. a. africanus:
  • Central Kalahari and southern Namibia to northern Cape Province
  • R. a. granti:

Habitat

This is a bird of dry and alkaline flats as well as short grass plains normally up to 1800m.

Behaviour

Although it is active by day it may be nocturnal where temperatures are very high. It is generally seen in pairs.

Breeding

It nests on the ground among pebbles or animal droppings, laying a single egg.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Avibase

Recommended Citation

External Links

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