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Grey-sided Flowerpecker - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 22:39, 15 July 2018 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Clearer main image. Picture of female. C/right. References updated)
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Photo © by martinuk
Lore Lindu National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia, October 2009

Alternative Name: Gray-sided Flowerpecker

Dicaeum celebicum


Female, subspecies celebicum
Photo © by julienl
Gunung Ambang, Sulawesi, Indonesia, May 2018

9 cm, 3.5 inches


  • Crown and upperparts black with purple iridescence
  • Blackish face
  • White throat
  • Bright red patch on lower throat and breast
  • Belly yellowish-white with black central line
  • Black-green flanks
  • Off white undertail coverts
  • Dark iris
  • Dark brown beak
  • Black legs


Photo © by codexluminati
Manado, Sulawesi, Indonesia,January 2014
  • Grey-brown upperparts
  • Whitish-grey on throat and breast
  • Grey green flanks
  • Centre of belly and vent dull yellowish-white


  • Similar to female but darker underparts
  • Greener on upper breast
  • Darker, greyer throat
  • Lighter beak


Sulawesi, some adjacent islands, Banggai and Sulu islands and Talaud islands, Indonesia.



There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • D. c. celebicum:
  • Manadotua, Bangka, Sulawesi, Lembeh, Togian, Muna and Butung Islands
  • D. c. talautense:
  • D. c. sanghirense:
  • Sangihe and Siau islands, off northern Sulawesi
  • D. c. sulaense:
  • Banggai and Sula Islands. (Taliabu, Mangole and Sanana)
  • D. c. kuehni:
  • Tukangbesi Archipelago (off Sulawesi)


Montane, lowland primary and tall secondary forest, forest edge, plantations, cultivation, gardens and secondary scrub; Up to 1200 m.



Fruits, nectar and pollen of mistletoes, wild cherries and Lantana camara, small spiders and insects. Forages mainly in the upper canopy. Gleans bare outer twigs. Forages alone and in pairs.


Nest is pear-shaped, with or without a covered entrance on the side towards the top. woven out of down and fine grasses, adorned with twigs, spider silk and leaf debris. It is suspended 1.5–2 m above ground from an outer branch. 3 white eggs.


Repetitive, weak and upslurred “seeei”, short, reiterated “tjjt”, short, dry, subdued “trri-tri”, and a high “tsip”; flight call is an abrupt “chip, chip, chip…”


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)

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