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Grey Crowned Crane - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 11:51, 14 January 2021 by Sbarnhardt (talk | contribs) (Added Clearer Image - volker sthamer photo for jweeyh image)
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Photo © by rudydbn
Stanger, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, July 2006
Balearica regulorum

Identification

Length 100–110 cm (39½-43½ in), 3-4 kg
Within its range, unmistakable with its large gold crown; in flight shows white wing coverts, black primaries and chestnut secondaries.

Similar Species

Juvenile
Photo © by Steve G
Mount Kenya, Kenya, August, 2010

The Black Crowned Crane is much darker and found further north; distribution does not overlap.

Distribution

Photo © by volker sthamer
Ngorongoro Crater, Tanzania, 7 September 2019

Africa
Western Africa: found only in Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola
Eastern Africa: Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia and Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal

They have also been introduced to North America

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • B. r. gibbericeps:
  • B. r. regulorum:

Habitat

Breed in wetlands with tall vegetation. Forages in grasslands, cultivated lands and pastures.

Behaviour

Forms flocks (usually less than 20 birds, exceptionally up to 300) when not breeding.

Diet

Eats leaves and seeds of grasses, invertebrates and small vertebrates.

Vocalisation

Call: a low-pitched honk.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2020) [Avibase - https://avibase.ca/D10CAC5D]. Retrieved 28 November 2020
  3. Archibald, G.W., C.D. Meine, and E. F. J. Garcia (2020). Gray Crowned-Crane (Balearica regulorum), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.grccra1.01

Recommended Citation

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