- Campethera notata
Length 20-21 cm, mass about 70 g.
Male: The forehead and crown are black speckled red, and the nape is red; the malar stripes are dark red with black spots. The lores and ear-coverts are off-white with black spots. The wings, rump and back are olive-green with sparse pale yellow speckles on the back. The wings are barred pale yellow. The tail is olive with yellowish bars and golden-yellow shafts. The underparts are off-white with large black blotches (diagnostic). The bill is black, the eyes dark reddish brown and the legs and feet are dark grey.
Female: Similar to the male, but with an olive forehead and crown that are spotted pale yellow, a malar stripe that is black speckled white, and a shorter bill.
Coastal South Africa, east of 20°E and south of 20°20'S.
Monotypic, although birds of the coastal forests are darker and smaller than those of the more arid interior.
Thickets, forests and plantations.
Resient and territorial; usually in pairs. Joins mixed-species feeding flocks. Forages for ants and termites in trees, mainly in mid-canopy.
Breeding: Monogamous, soliatry nester. The nest is a hole excavated, usually in a dead trunk or branch, 1-6 m above the ground. Two to four eggs are laid August to November. Parasitised by Greater Honeyguide and Scaly-throated Honeyguide.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533