- Oenanthe monticola
Length 18-20 cm, mass about 35 g.
Adult male: There are several colour morphs; body plumage may be pale grey or black, and the crown may be white, grey or black. The wings are very dark brown or black with a white shoulder patch which varies in size (sometimes all black). The tail pattern is distinctive, with a white rump and outer tail feathers. The legs and pointed bill are black.
Adult female: Dark brown, with a white rump and outer tail.
Formerly classed as a member of the Thrush family (Turdidae), but is now more generally considered to be an Old-World Flycatcher (Family Muscicapidae).
Placed in genus Myrmelocichla by Gill and Donsker.
There are four subspecies.
Mountains and rocky areas.
Food: Mainly insects, but also other invertebrates, seeds and berries.
Breeding: Nests on the ground amongst rocks; 2-4 white eggs are laid June to March.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533