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Pale-vented Pigeon - BirdForum Opus

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Subspecies tobagensis
Photo © by DABS
Tobago, 27 January 2017
Patagioenas cayennensis


Subspecies sylvestris
Photo © by Wes Syposz
Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso, Brazil, 15 May 2007

25·5–26·5 cm (10-10½ in)

  • Grey face
  • Greyish-white throat
  • Darker pinkish-grey head, upperparts and breast
  • Iridescent green nape and hindcrown

Female similar but duller. Juveniles are greyish-brown.

Similar Species

It is similar to Ruddy Pigeon and Plumbeous Pigeons, but both of those species have a darker, more uniform plumage, and prefer intact forests rather than river edges. Peruvian Pigeon is similar but has a bicolored bill and pale eyes. See also Scaled Pigeon.


Southern Mexico south through Central and South America to Bolivia and northern Argentina and on Tobago and Trinidad.


Formerly included in the genus Columba.


Clements1 recognizes six subspecies: P. c. pallidicrissa:

P. c. occidentalis

  • western Colombia (west of the Andes), western Ecuador, and extreme northwestern Peru (northeastern Tumbes)

P. c. andersoni:

  • South East Colombia and eastern Ecuador to Brazil north of the Amazon

P. c. tobagensis:

P. c. cayennensis:

P. c. sylvestris:


Humid forest edges, riverbanks, marshy savanna and other partially open areas with some trees.


They are a fairly solitary bird, but may form small flocks at drinking areas.


They build a small twiggy nest in a small tree, and normally laying a single white egg.


Diet consists of small fruits, berries and seed.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2021. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2021. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
  3. Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Pale-vented Pigeon (Patagioenas cayennensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54135 on 27 June 2019).
  4. Chalkowski, K. (2013). Pale-vented Pigeon (Patagioenas cayennensis), version 1.0. In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/nb.pavpig2.01

Recommended Citation

External Links

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