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Difference between revisions of "Pink-billed Lark" - BirdForum Opus

(Photo caption. Taxonomy expanded. References updated)
 
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;[[:Category:Spizocorys|Spizocorys]] conirostris
 
;[[:Category:Spizocorys|Spizocorys]] conirostris
[[Image:Pink-billed_Lark.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by balticbird <br/>Photo taken: Kimberley, [[South Africa]] ]]
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[[Image:Pink-billed_Lark.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|balticbird|balticbird }} <br />Kimberley, [[South Africa]], November 2000]]
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
 
Length 12-13 cm, mass 12-17 g.
 
Length 12-13 cm, mass 12-17 g.
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Southern [[Africa]]: [[Botswana]], [[Lesotho]], [[Namibia]], [[South Africa]], and [[Zambia]].  
 
Southern [[Africa]]: [[Botswana]], [[Lesotho]], [[Namibia]], [[South Africa]], and [[Zambia]].  
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
''Spizocorys conirostris'' has seven subspecies:
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====Subspecies====
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''Spizocorys conirostris'' has six or seven subspecies<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>:
 
*''S. c. conirostris'' from [[South Africa]], western [[Lesotho]] and south-eastern [[Botswana]];
 
*''S. c. conirostris'' from [[South Africa]], western [[Lesotho]] and south-eastern [[Botswana]];
 
*''S. c. damarensis'' from northern [[Namibia]] and north-western [[Botswana]], paler and less streaked than ''S. c. barlowi'';
 
*''S. c. damarensis'' from northern [[Namibia]] and north-western [[Botswana]], paler and less streaked than ''S. c. barlowi'';
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*''S. c. makawai'' from [[Zambia]];
 
*''S. c. makawai'' from [[Zambia]];
 
*''S. c. crypta'' from north-eastern [[Botswana]], upper parts paler than nominate; and
 
*''S. c. crypta'' from north-eastern [[Botswana]], upper parts paler than nominate; and
*''S. c. transiens'' from [[South Africa]] and [[Botswana]].
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*''S. c. transiens'' from [[South Africa]] and [[Botswana]] (not recognised by all authorities<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>
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An additional subspecies ''griseovinacea'' is usually considered invalid<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>.
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
Subtropical or tropical dry grassland.
 
Subtropical or tropical dry grassland.
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
In groups of 5-20 when not breeding. Inconspicuous; usually on the ground, concealed in grass; crosses open ground quickly and seldom perches in an elevated position. Forages for invertebrates and seeds.
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In groups of 5-20 when not breeding. Inconspicuous; usually on the ground, concealed in grass; crosses open ground quickly and seldom perches in an elevated position.
 
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====Diet====
'''Breeding''': Monogamous. The nest is a cup of dry grass and rootlets. One to three eggs are laid after rain at any time of the year.
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Forages for invertebrates and seeds.
 +
====Breeding====
 +
Monogamous. The nest is a cup of dry grass and rootlets. One to three eggs are laid after rain at any time of the year.
 
==References==
 
==References==
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. ''Robert's Birds of Southern Africa'', 7th edition. John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town, South Africa. ISBN 0620340533
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#{{Ref-Clements6thDec09}}#Avibase
 
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#{{Ref-Hockeyetal05}}
Lepage D. 2008. [http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/ Avibase].  Search for "Pink-billed Lark" downloaded 17 June 2008.
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{{ref}}
 
 
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
{{GSearch|Spizocorys+conirostris}}
 
{{GSearch|Spizocorys+conirostris}}
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Spizocorys]]
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Spizocorys]]

Latest revision as of 21:42, 2 December 2010

Spizocorys conirostris
Photo by balticbird
Kimberley, South Africa, November 2000

Identification

Length 12-13 cm, mass 12-17 g.

A small stocky Lark with a short, stout pink bill. The chin and throat are white, the breast is rufous-buff, streaked dark brown, and the belly and undertail coverts are rufous-buff.

Similar Species

  • Botha's Lark has a whitish belly, a more streaked breast, a more distinct eyebrow, a more slender bill, and its tail is edged white rather than buff.
  • Sclater's Lark has a longer, brownish bill, and a black 'teardrop' mark on the cheek.

Distribution

Southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Zambia.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Spizocorys conirostris has six or seven subspecies[1]:

An additional subspecies griseovinacea is usually considered invalid[2].

Habitat

Subtropical or tropical dry grassland.

Behaviour

In groups of 5-20 when not breeding. Inconspicuous; usually on the ground, concealed in grass; crosses open ground quickly and seldom perches in an elevated position.

Diet

Forages for invertebrates and seeds.

Breeding

Monogamous. The nest is a cup of dry grass and rootlets. One to three eggs are laid after rain at any time of the year.

References

  1. Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

Recommended Citation

External Links

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