• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 09:05, 7 August 2019 by Aloktewari (talk | contribs) (Copyright)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Subspecies fulvigularis
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Osa Peninsula, Puntarenas Province, Costa Rica, February 2015
Terenotriccus erythrurus


9–10·3 cm (3½-4 in)

  • Grey head and nape
  • Brown back
  • Cinnamon-rufous rump and tail
  • Cinnamon underparts
  • Buff throat
  • Large black eyes
  • Short bill
  • Prominent rictal bristles
Photo © by BirdsPeru
Allpahuayo, Mishana Reserve, Iquitos, Peru

Sexes are similar


Central and South America
Central Ameria: Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama,
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil


Formerly placed in genus Myiobius.


There are 8 subspecies

  • T. e. fulvigularis Tropical south-eastern Mexico to Colombia, western Ecuador and Venezuela
  • T. e. signatus: Eastern Colombia to north-eastern Peru (north of Río Marañón)
  • T. e. venezuelensis: Extreme eastern Colombia to southern Venezuela and north-western Brazil
  • T. e. brunneifrons: Eastern Peru (south of Río Marañón) to northern Bolivia and south-western Brazil
  • T. e. erythrurus: Southern Venezuela (Bolívar) to the Guianas and north-eastern Brazil
  • T. e. purusianus: Amazonian Brazil (middle Rio Purús)
  • T. e. amazonus: Amazonian Brazil (Rio Purús to Rio Tapajós)
  • T. e. hellmayri: North-eastern Brazil (along lower Rio Tocantins east to Maranhão)


Humid forest and secondary woodland, terra firme and varzea forests. Observed at heights around 130 m.



The pear-shaped nest is built by the female from plant fibes and leaves. It has a side entrance. The clutch consists of two which eggs with chocolate blotches. The female is responsible for incubation, which takes 15-16 days.


The diet includes insects, especially leafhoppers, picked from foliage or taken in the air.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2015)
  4. The Beauty of Birds
  5. BF Member observations

Recommended Citation

External Links