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Difference between revisions of "Southern Anteater Chat" - BirdForum Opus

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[[Image:Ant-eating Chat 2011-11-16.jpg|thumb|500px|right|Male<br />Photo by {{user|Ralph+Timmermann|Ralph Timmermann}}<br />Nossob Valley, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, [[South Africa]], November 2011]]
 
'''Alternative name: Ant-eating Chat'''
 
'''Alternative name: Ant-eating Chat'''
  
 
;[[:Category:Myrmecocichla|Myrmecocichla]] formicivora
 
;[[:Category:Myrmecocichla|Myrmecocichla]] formicivora
[[Image:Southern_Anteater_Chat.jpg|thumb|500px|right|Photo by leon<br />Rietvlei Dam, Pretoria, South Africa]]
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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
Length 18 cm, mass 45-50 g. A dark grassland chat with a distinctive upright stance. It has relatively long legs which accentuate a short tail. '''Adult male''': Very dark brown with a small white carpal patch that is often not visible when perched. In flight the wings show white windows. The bill, legs and feet are black and the eyes are dark brown. '''Adult female''': Similar to the male but without the white carpal patches.
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[[Image:Southern_Anteater_Chat.jpg|thumb|300px|right|Photo by {{user|leon|leon}}<br />Rietvlei Dam, Pretoria, [[South Africa]], June 2004]]
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Length 17–18 cm (6¾-7 in), mass 45-50 g. A dark grassland chat with a distinctive upright stance. It has relatively long legs which accentuate a short tail.<br />
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'''Adult male''':
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*Very dark brown overall plumage
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*Small white carpal patch that is often not visible when perched.
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*In flight the wings show white windows.
 +
*Black bill, legs and feet
 +
*Dark brown eyes<br />
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'''Adult female''': Similar to the male but without the white carpal patches.
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
 
Southern [[Africa]]: [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]] and [[South Africa]]; limited distribution in [[Lesotho]] and western [[Swaziland]].
 
Southern [[Africa]]: [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]] and [[South Africa]]; limited distribution in [[Lesotho]] and western [[Swaziland]].
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
There are three subspecies:
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[[Image:SouthernAnteaterChat_Stu_b_Pretoria.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Female<br />{{user|Stu+b|Stu b}}<br />Pretoria, South Africa]]
*''M. f. formicivora'' from southern and central [[South Africa]]
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This is either a [[Dictionary_M-S#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup> or has 3 subspecies<sup>[[#References|[2]]]</sup>.
*''M. f. minor'' from [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]] and northern and north-western [[South Africa]]; smaller and darker below than the nominate race
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*''M. f. orestes'' from the grasslands of Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, [[Lesotho]] and western [[Swaziland]]; paler than the nominate race and has greyer upperparts.
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*''M. f. formicivora'':
[[Image:SouthernAnteaterChat_Stu_b_Pretoria.jpg|thumb|500px|right|Female Southern Anteater Chat<br />Stu b<br />Pretoria, South Africa]]
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:*Southern and central [[South Africa]]
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*''M. f. minor'':
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:*[[Namibia]], [[Botswana]] and northern and north-western [[South Africa]]; smaller and darker below than the nominate race
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*''M. f. orestes'':
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:*Grasslands of Free State, [[KwaZulu-Natal]], Mpumalanga, [[Lesotho]] and western [[Swaziland]]; paler than the nominate race and has greyer upperparts.
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
Grasslands, shrublands, and open savanna.
 
Grasslands, shrublands, and open savanna.
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
Solitary, in pairs, or in small groups. Flies with a rapid wingbeat; sometimes hovers. Forages on the ground for invertebrates (mainly ants and termites); some fruit is also eaten. Roosts in the nest burrow.
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Solitary, in pairs, or in small groups. Roosts in the nest burrow.
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====Action====
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[[Image:BF-080910-IMG 1914-2.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Male<br />Photo by {{user|Olli|Olli}}<br />Kalahari, [[South Africa]], September 2008 ]]
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Flies with a rapid wingbeat; sometimes hovers.
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====Diet====
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Forages on the ground for invertebrates (mainly ants and termites); some fruit is also eaten.  
 
====Breeding====
 
====Breeding====
 
Nests at the end of a burrow (35-150 cm long) which is excavated by both male and female. Two to seven eggs are laid in summer (August to March). Nestlings are fed by both parents. Parasitised by the [[Greater Honeyguide]].
 
Nests at the end of a burrow (35-150 cm long) which is excavated by both male and female. Two to seven eggs are laid in summer (August to March). Nestlings are fed by both parents. Parasitised by the [[Greater Honeyguide]].
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==References==
 
==References==
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. ''Robert's Birds of Southern Africa'', 7th edition. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 0620340533
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#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Avibase
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#{{Ref-Hockeyetal05}}
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
{{GSearch|Myrmecocichla+formicivora}}
 
{{GSearch|Myrmecocichla+formicivora}}
  
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Myrmecocichla]]
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Myrmecocichla]]

Latest revision as of 22:06, 18 November 2017

Male
Photo by Ralph Timmermann
Nossob Valley, Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, South Africa, November 2011

Alternative name: Ant-eating Chat

Myrmecocichla formicivora

Identification

Photo by leon
Rietvlei Dam, Pretoria, South Africa, June 2004

Length 17–18 cm (6¾-7 in), mass 45-50 g. A dark grassland chat with a distinctive upright stance. It has relatively long legs which accentuate a short tail.
Adult male:

  • Very dark brown overall plumage
  • Small white carpal patch that is often not visible when perched.
  • In flight the wings show white windows.
  • Black bill, legs and feet
  • Dark brown eyes

Adult female: Similar to the male but without the white carpal patches.

Distribution

Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana and South Africa; limited distribution in Lesotho and western Swaziland.

Taxonomy

Female
Stu b
Pretoria, South Africa

This is either a monotypic species[1] or has 3 subspecies[2].

  • M. f. formicivora:
  • M. f. minor:
  • M. f. orestes:

Habitat

Grasslands, shrublands, and open savanna.

Behaviour

Solitary, in pairs, or in small groups. Roosts in the nest burrow.

Action

Male
Photo by Olli
Kalahari, South Africa, September 2008

Flies with a rapid wingbeat; sometimes hovers.

Diet

Forages on the ground for invertebrates (mainly ants and termites); some fruit is also eaten.

Breeding

Nests at the end of a burrow (35-150 cm long) which is excavated by both male and female. Two to seven eggs are laid in summer (August to March). Nestlings are fed by both parents. Parasitised by the Greater Honeyguide.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

Recommended Citation

External Links

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