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Southern Anteater Chat - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:34, 18 December 2009 by AlanManson-37216 (talk | contribs)

Alternative name: Ant-eating Chat

Myrmecocichla formicivora
Photo by leon
Rietvlei Dam, Pretoria, South Africa
Female Southern Anteater Chat
Stu b
Pretoria, South Africa

Identification

Length 18 cm, mass 45-50 g. A dark grassland chat with a distinctive upright stance. It has relatively long legs which accentuate a short tail. Adult male: Very dark brown with a small white carpal patch that is often not visible when perched. In flight the wings show white windows. The bill, legs and feet are black and the eyes are dark brown. Adult female: Similar to the male but without the white carpal patches.

Distribution

Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana and South Africa; limited distribution in Lesotho and western Swaziland.

Taxonomy

There are three subspecies:

  • M. f. formicivora from southern and central South Africa
  • M. f. minor from Namibia, Botswana and northern and north-western South Africa; smaller and darker below than the nominate race
  • M. f. orestes from the grasslands of Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Lesotho and western Swaziland; paler than the nominate race and has greyer upperparts.

Habitat

Grasslands, shrublands, and open savanna.

Behaviour

Solitary, in pairs, or in small groups. Flies with a rapid wingbeat; sometimes hovers. Forages on the ground for invertebrates (mainly ants and termites); some fruit is also eaten. Roosts in the nest burrow.

Breeding

Nests at the end of a burrow (35-150 cm long) which is excavated by both male and female. Two to seven eggs are laid in summer (August to March). Nestlings are fed by both parents. Parasitised by the Greater Honeyguide.

References

Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ & Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Robert's Birds of Southern Africa, 7th edition. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 0620340533

External Links

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