• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Violaceous Jay - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 20:48, 10 November 2016 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Clearer image Imp sizes. References updated)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Photo by Anselmo d Affonseca
Serra do Tepequem, Amajari, Roraima, Brazil, July 2012
Cyanocorax violaceus

Identification

33 - 37cm (13-14½ in).

  • Slight frontal crest
  • Blackish forecrown
  • Sepia crown, side of head, side of neck, throat and upper breast
  • Mauvish-white nape, shading to pale bluish-mauve on hindneck
  • White upper mantle heavily tinged dull violaceous blue
  • Dull violaceous blue rest of upperparts and underparts
  • Indigo-blue tail
  • Dark brown eye
  • Black bill and legs

Sexes similar but females have more heavily tinged greyish underparts.

Juveniles are slightly greyer and duller than adults.

Distribution

South America: found in Venezuela, southwest Guyana, east Colombia, east Ecuador, east Peru, north Bolivia and north Brazil.
Common in most of its range.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Two subspecies recognized[1]:

  • C. v. pallidus:
  • Caribbean littoral of northern Venezuela (Anzoátegui)
  • C. v. violaceus:

May form a superspecies with Purplish Jay, Azure Jay and Curl-crested Jay.

Habitat

Moist lowland forests, open woodland, forest edges, and secondary growth. From lowlands up to 1350m.

Behaviour

Usually found in active groups of 6 - 12 birds throughout year.

Diet

The diet includes small vertebrates, insects, eggs and fruit.

Breeding

In Venezuela one nest has been reported in April, in Brazil in July. Probably a social breeder. The nest is a bulky structure made of twigs and placed 9m above the ground in a tree. Lays 5 eggs.

Movements

A sedentary species.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

External Links

Back
Top