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Violaceous Jay - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 20:48, 10 November 2016 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Clearer image Imp sizes. References updated)
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Photo by Anselmo d Affonseca
Serra do Tepequem, Amajari, Roraima, Brazil, July 2012
Cyanocorax violaceus


33 - 37cm (13-14½ in).

  • Slight frontal crest
  • Blackish forecrown
  • Sepia crown, side of head, side of neck, throat and upper breast
  • Mauvish-white nape, shading to pale bluish-mauve on hindneck
  • White upper mantle heavily tinged dull violaceous blue
  • Dull violaceous blue rest of upperparts and underparts
  • Indigo-blue tail
  • Dark brown eye
  • Black bill and legs

Sexes similar but females have more heavily tinged greyish underparts.

Juveniles are slightly greyer and duller than adults.


South America: found in Venezuela, southwest Guyana, east Colombia, east Ecuador, east Peru, north Bolivia and north Brazil.
Common in most of its range.



Two subspecies recognized[1]:

  • C. v. pallidus:
  • Caribbean littoral of northern Venezuela (Anzoátegui)
  • C. v. violaceus:

May form a superspecies with Purplish Jay, Azure Jay and Curl-crested Jay.


Moist lowland forests, open woodland, forest edges, and secondary growth. From lowlands up to 1350m.


Usually found in active groups of 6 - 12 birds throughout year.


The diet includes small vertebrates, insects, eggs and fruit.


In Venezuela one nest has been reported in April, in Brazil in July. Probably a social breeder. The nest is a bulky structure made of twigs and placed 9m above the ground in a tree. Lays 5 eggs.


A sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

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