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Difference between revisions of "Wattled Crane" - BirdForum Opus

(Imp size. Links. Flight picture. Diet and breeding amended. References updated)
 
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;[[:Category:Bugeranus|Bugeranus]] carunculatus
 
;[[:Category:Bugeranus|Bugeranus]] carunculatus
[[Image:Wattled_Crane.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by '''safariranger'''<br>Location: Bangweulu Swamps, Zambia]]
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[[Image:Wattled_Crane.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|safariranger|safariranger}}<br />Bangweulu Swamps, [[Zambia]], July 2006]]
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
172 cmAsh grey back and wings, dark slaty gray head above the eyes and on the crown, otherwise white, including the almost fully feathered wattles which hang down from under the upper throat. Black breast, primaries, secondaries, and tail coverts, white upper breast and neck, red skin in front of the eye extending to the base of the beak and tip of the wattles, long bill, black legs and toes. Sexes identical, although males tend to be slightly larger.
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[[Image:18053099 Wattled Crane.jpg|thumb|350px|right|Photo &copy; by {{user|charelli|charelli}}<br />[[Botswana]], May 2018]]
 
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175 cm (69 in)
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*Ash grey back and wings
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*Dark slaty gray crown
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*Rest of head, throat and breast white
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*White feathered [[Dictionary_T-Z#W|wattles]]
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*Black [[Topography#Wings|primaries]], secondaries, and tail-[[Topography#General Anatomy|coverts]]
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*Red skin in front of the eye, base of beak and wattle tips
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*Long bill
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*Black legs and toes<br />
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Sexes identical (males inclined to be slightly larger)
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
[[Zimbabwe]], [[Botswana]], [[Zambia]], [[Angola]] and [[South Africa]].
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Patchily distributed north-eastern and southern [[Africa]]<br />
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'''Western Africa''': [[DRC]] and [[Angola]]<br />
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'''Eastern Africa''': [[Eritrea]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]] and [[Malawi]]<br />
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'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]] and [[Lesotho]]
  
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Seems to be rather scarce in most of the area.
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
A monotypic species.
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This is a [[Dictionary_M-O#M|monotypic]] species<sup>[[#References|[1]]]</sup>.
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{{Grus vs. Bugeranus}}
 
{{Grus vs. Bugeranus}}
  
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
Shallow wetlands.
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Shallow wetlands, freshwater marshes and adjoining grassland.
 
 
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
The diet includes bulbs, corms, insects, seeds, leaves, acorns, aquatic vegetation and grain.
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====Diet====
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The diet includes tubers, bulbs and corms of aquatic vegetation; insects, seeds, leaves, acorns and grain.
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====Breeding====
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They breed according to the rains and may build more than one nest - up to four. They will use one nest one year and another the next.  The clutch has only 1 egg.
  
They breed in winter, building more than one nest - up to four. It will use one nest one year and another the next.  1 egg  is laid.
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Description including photos of courtship is found in a Birdforum thread<sup>[[#References|[3]]]</sup>.
  
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==References==
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#{{Ref-Clements6thAug17}}#Avibase
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#[http://www.birdforum.net/showpost.php?p=2489578&postcount=2819 Post in Birdforum thread] with description of courtship behavior
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#Wikipedia
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
{{GSearch|Bugeranus+carunculat}}
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{{GSearch|Crane+carunculat}}
 
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Bugeranus]]
 
[[Category:Birds]][[Category:Bugeranus]]

Latest revision as of 21:06, 13 June 2018

Bugeranus carunculatus
Photo © by safariranger
Bangweulu Swamps, Zambia, July 2006

Identification

Photo © by charelli
Botswana, May 2018

175 cm (69 in)

  • Ash grey back and wings
  • Dark slaty gray crown
  • Rest of head, throat and breast white
  • White feathered wattles
  • Black primaries, secondaries, and tail-coverts
  • Red skin in front of the eye, base of beak and wattle tips
  • Long bill
  • Black legs and toes

Sexes identical (males inclined to be slightly larger)

Distribution

Patchily distributed north-eastern and southern Africa
Western Africa: DRC and Angola
Eastern Africa: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal and Lesotho

Seems to be rather scarce in most of the area.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Grus vs. Bugeranus

Sibley & Monroe (1996) place the Wattled Crane (carunculatus) in the genus Grus. However, Howard & Moore (2003) and Clements (2007) separate it in the monotypic genus Bugeranus, and the Opus follows in this consensus.

Habitat

Shallow wetlands, freshwater marshes and adjoining grassland.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes tubers, bulbs and corms of aquatic vegetation; insects, seeds, leaves, acorns and grain.

Breeding

They breed according to the rains and may build more than one nest - up to four. They will use one nest one year and another the next. The clutch has only 1 egg.

Description including photos of courtship is found in a Birdforum thread[3].

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Post in Birdforum thread with description of courtship behavior
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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