- Hirundo neoxena
13–17 cm (5-6¾ in)
- Reddish-chestnut forehead and throat
- Metallic blue-black upperparts
- Blackish-brown wings and tail
- Light grey underparts
- Long forked tail, with a row of white spots on the individual feathers
Young birds have a whitish forehead and throat, and have shorter tail streamers
Two recognized subspecies:
- H. n. carteri:
- South-western Western Australia (North West Cape to about Eyre); winters to the north
- H. n. neoxena:
A wide variety of open habitats, including coasts, cultivation and inhabited areas, usually near water. They roost in wetlands.
The open cup nest is formed from mud and grass, lined with feathers and fur placed on a rock wall or side of a building. It is built by both adults. The clutch contains 3-5 eggs which are incubated by the female for 14-21 days. Both parents feed the young which fledge after a further 14-21 days. There are usually two broods.
Their diet consists of insects such as stone-flies, beetles, flies and bugs, taken on the wing.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
- Birds in Backyards
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Welcome Swallow. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 17 May 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Welcome_Swallow