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Difference between revisions of "Yellow-bellied Eremomela" - BirdForum Opus

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[[Image:Eremomela yellow bellied.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by {{user|volker+sthamer|volker sthamer}}<br />Langano, [[Ethiopia]], July 2007]]
 
;[[:Category:Eremomela|Eremomela]] icteropygialis
 
;[[:Category:Eremomela|Eremomela]] icteropygialis
[[Image:Yellow-bellied_Eremomela.jpg|thumb|550px|right|Photo by balticbird]]
 
 
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
10 cmGrey upperparts, becoming darker and more olive on the wings and tail,  thin pale grey supercilium, blackish stripe through the eye, grey breast, lemon yellow belly, black bill. The subspecies vary in the extent and intensity of the yellow on the belly, and birds in western southern Africa a have whitish throat and breast.
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10 cm<br />
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*Grey upperparts
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*Darker and more olive wings and tail
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*Thin pale grey [[Topography#Heads|supercilium]]
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*Blackish stripe through the eye
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*Grey breast
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*Lemon yellow belly
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*Black bill
  
The sexes are similar, but the juvenile has duller yellow underparts than the adult.
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Sexes similar<br />
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'''Juvenile''' has duller yellow underparts
  
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The subspecies vary in the amount and intensity of the yellow on the belly. Birds in western southern Africa have a whitish throat and breast.
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
[[Africa]] south of the Sahara.
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[[Africa]] south of the Sahara:<br />
 
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'''Western Africa''': [[Mauritania]], [[Senegambia]], [[Senegal]], The [[Gambia]], [[Burkina Faso]], [[Nigeria]], [[Niger]], [[Chad]], [[Cameroon]], [[Gabon]], [[Congo]], [[Angola]]<br />
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'''Eastern Africa''': [[Sudan]], [[Eritrea]], [[Ethiopia]], [[Somalia]], [[Kenya]], [[Uganda]], [[Rwanda]], [[Tanzania]], [[Zambia]], [[Mozambique]], [[Malawi]]<br />
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'''Southern Africa''': [[Namibia]], [[Botswana]], [[Zimbabwe]], [[South Africa]], [[KwaZulu-Natal]], [[Lesotho]], [[Swaziland]]
 
==Taxonomy==
 
==Taxonomy==
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====Subspecies====
 
There are nine subspecies:<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>
 
There are nine subspecies:<sup>[[#References|1]]</sup>
*''E. i. alexanderi''
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*''E. i. alexanderi'': [[Senegambia]] to [[Sudan]] (Darfur and Kordofan)
*''E. i. griseoflava''
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*''E. i. griseoflava'': [[Ethiopia]] to [[Somalia]], eastern [[Uganda]], [[Rwanda]], western [[Kenya]] and [[Tanzania]]
*''E. i. abdominalis''
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*''E. i. abdominalis'': [[Kenya]] to northern [[Tanzania]]
*''E. i. polioxantha''
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*''E. i. polioxantha'': Southern [[Zaire]] to [[Tanzania]], south-western [[Zimbabwe]], eastern Transvaal and [[Mozambique]]
*''E. i. puellula''
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*''E. i. puellula'': South-western [[Angola]]
*''E. i. icteropygialis''
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*''E. i. icteropygialis'': [[Namibia]] and western [[Botswana]]
*''E. i. helenorae''
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*''E. i. helenorae'': Caprivi Strip to [[Zimbabwe]], south-western [[Zambia]] and western [[Mozambique]]
*''E. i. perimacha''
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*''E. i. perimacha'': Southern [[Botswana]] to [[South Africa]] (western Transvaal and north-western Cape Province)
*''E. i. saturatior''
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*''E. i. saturatior'': [[South Africa]] (Orange Free State to Cape Province)
  
 
==Habitat==
 
==Habitat==
 
Open woodland, savanna, and dry scrub.
 
Open woodland, savanna, and dry scrub.
 
==Behaviour==
 
==Behaviour==
It builds a cup nest in the branches of a tree or shrub, and 2-4 white eggs are laid. It is monogamous, pairing for life.
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====Breeding====
 
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[[Dictionary_M-O#M|Monogamous]], forming life pairs.<br />
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It builds a cup nest in the branches of a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2-4 white eggs.  
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====Diet====
 
The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.
 
The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.
 
==References==
 
==References==
# Clements JF. 2007. ''The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World''. 6th ed., with updates to October 2008. Cornell University Press. ISBN 9780801445019
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#{{Ref-Clements6thAug14}}#Avibase
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#Wikipedia
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{{ref}}
 
==External Links==
 
==External Links==
 
{{GSearch|Eremomela+icteropygialis}}
 
{{GSearch|Eremomela+icteropygialis}}
  
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Eremomela]]
 
[[Category:Birds]] [[Category:Eremomela]]

Revision as of 00:01, 23 November 2014

Photo by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, July 2007
Eremomela icteropygialis

Identification

10 cm

  • Grey upperparts
  • Darker and more olive wings and tail
  • Thin pale grey supercilium
  • Blackish stripe through the eye
  • Grey breast
  • Lemon yellow belly
  • Black bill

Sexes similar
Juvenile has duller yellow underparts

The subspecies vary in the amount and intensity of the yellow on the belly. Birds in western southern Africa have a whitish throat and breast.

Distribution

Africa south of the Sahara:
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are nine subspecies:1

Habitat

Open woodland, savanna, and dry scrub.

Behaviour

Breeding

Monogamous, forming life pairs.
It builds a cup nest in the branches of a tree or shrub. The clutch consists of 2-4 white eggs.

Diet

The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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