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Blue-mantled Crested Flycatcher

From Opus

(Redirected from African Crested Flycatcher)

Alternative names: African Crested-Flycatcher; Blue-mantled Paradise-flycatcher

Female Photo by Alan MansonPietermaritzburg, South Africa, June 2007
Female
Photo by Alan Manson
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, June 2007
Trochocercus cyanomelas

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length 15 cm, mass 10 g.
Adult male: The head, crest, throat and upper breast are glossy blue-black and the lower breast and belly are white. The back is grey, the wings dark brown with a white wingbar, and the tail black.
Adult female: The head is less glossy than the male's, and the crest shorter. The throat and breast are lightly mottled grey and white, grading to white on the belly. Wings and tail are similar to the male's.

[edit] Similar species

The White-tailed Crested Flycatcher has no white wingbar.

Male Photo by Alan MansonPietermaritzburg, South Africa, April 2008
Male
Photo by Alan Manson
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa, April 2008

[edit] Distribution

Eastern and southern Africa from southern Somalia to the forests of the southern coast of South Africa. Mostly resident; some altitudinal migration is likely.

[edit] Taxonomy

Trochocercus cyanomelas has 5 subspecies:
T. c. cyanomelas is from the southern and south-eastern coast of South Africa, west of 29° 45' E
T. c. segregus from the South African coast between 29° 45' E and 31° 45' E, extending inland and northwards from KwaZulu-Natal to the highlands of western Swaziland, Mpumalanga and the Limpopo Province, paler than the nominate race
T. c. megalolophus from the lowlands of northern KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, eastern Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces, extreme eastern Zimbabwe, Mozambique, and southern Malawi.
T. c. vivax and T. c. bivittatus are found further north.

[edit] Habitat

Forest.

[edit] Behaviour

Found singly or in pairs.

[edit] Diet

Forage restlessly, often in multispecies feeding parties, for small invertebrates taken on the wing or gleaned from bark, leaves or twigs.

[edit] Vocalisation

They are most easily located by their alarm call, a harsh zweet-zwa or zweet-zweet-zwa. They respond to pishing.

[edit] References

  1. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533

[edit] External Links

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