Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
£100 Cashback on Opticron DBA VHD Binoculars. Click to find out more.
Main Categories

Arctic Loon

From Opus

(Redirected from Black-throated Diver)

Alternative name: Black-throated Diver

Breeding plumagePhoto by IanFLochindorb, Speyside, Scotland,
Breeding plumage
Photo by IanF
Lochindorb, Speyside, Scotland,
Gavia arctica

Contents

[edit] Identification

Medium-sized diver between Red-throated and Great Northern in build.

[edit] Adult breeding

  • Upperparts blackish with rectangular white spots on back,
    • Most prominent on scapulars
  • White below with black and white streaks on sides of upper breast
  • Grey head and neck, palest on hindneck
  • Black and white stripes on sides of neck bordering black throat patch
Winter plumagePhoto by IanF Jacksons Landing, Hartlepool, Cleveland. UK
Winter plumage
Photo by IanF
Jacksons Landing, Hartlepool, Cleveland. UK

[edit] Adult Non-breeding

  • Dark grey-brown on head and upperparts
    • Clearly demarcated from whtie throat and underparts
  • Crown and nape are paler than back (unlike Great Northern)
  • Flanks often show a white patch visible on a swimming bird

[edit] Similar Species

Intermediate build and bill held straight are best identifying features but very difficult to separate from Pacific Diver and may not be possible with non-breeding birds. Length 68-73cm. Wingspan 120cm.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in northern Scotland and the Hebrides, over much of Scandinavia and the Baltic States and across Russia to Sakhalin and Kamchatka, probably also northern China. Breeds in western Alaska but range unclear due to similarity of this species to the recently split Pacific Diver.

In winter ranges from the Baltic south to Biscay, the northern Adriatic and Black and Caspian Seas and a vagrant on the North African coast and the Canary Islands. In the far east winters off Japan, China and Taiwan. The Siberian race has strayed to the Pacific coast of North America. Accidental vagrant east of Pacific coast but probably often confused as Pacific Loon.

Non-breedingPhoto by IanFJacksons Landing, Hartlepool, Cleveland, UK, January 2008
Non-breeding
Photo by IanF
Jacksons Landing, Hartlepool, Cleveland, UK, January 2008

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Three subspecies recognised.

Nominate race breeds across Europe and Russia.
sushkini from western Siberia and Central Asia
viridigularis (green-glossed throat patch) in north-eastern Siberia and western Alaska.

sushkini is not recognised by all authorities[1]

[edit] Habitat

Breeds beside medium-large freshwater lakes, often with islands. On passage and in winter moves to coastal areas and occurs on estuaries, bays and sheltered seas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Breeds early-May to September, begins mid-June in north of range. Nests beside water often on an island or spit, a shallow scrape or more rarely a substantial mound of vegetation built in shallow water. Eggs: 2 (1 in replacement clutch), olive-brown, sometimes more greenish with sparse black blotches (84 x 53mm). Incubated by both sexes for 28-29 days. Young tended by both sexes, feed themselves at 35 days and fly at about 60 days

[edit] Diet

Fish, also molluscs and crustaceans caught during 45-120 second dives.

[edit] Vocalisation

Various wailing, croaking and quacking calls.


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

[edit] External Links


Advertisement

£100 Cashback on Opticron DBA VHD Binoculars. Click to find out more.

Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.25775909 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 18:06.