[ edit] Identification
L. 14-16 cm
Large double white wing bars and below the lower an extra white spot.
White tail edges
Breeding Male: Reddish underparts and grey cap
Female: Drabber and greener, but still obvious.
Variation: Males in north
Africa and The Canaries look quite different, more blue and less red colors showing. See also ref
[ edit] Distribution
This bird is widespread and very familiar throughout
Europe. It is the most common finch in western Europe. Its range extends into western Asia, north-western Africa, the Canary Islands and Madeira.
It is also found on
Tenerife and Gran Canaria, along with the related endemic Blue Chaffinch.
Summer visitor in North and Eastern
Europe, found all year in the rest of Europe.
[ edit] Taxonomy
Male of subspecies
, November 2005
[ edit] Subspecies
There are 16 subspecies
which can be grouped into three main groups: European (including  UK), North African, and the forms on the Canaries. Some of these forms might warrant status as full species.
F. c. sarda: Sardinia
F. c. schiebeli: Crete
F. c. syriaca: Cyprus and Levant
F. c. solomkoi: Crimean Peninsula and Caucasus
F. c. alexandrovi: Northern Iran
F. c. transcaspica: North-eastern Iran (southern Transcaspia in Kopet Dagh and Khorasan)
[ edit] Habitat
Woods, hedges, parks and gardens.
[ edit] Behaviour
[ edit] Breeding
It builds a neat cup of grass lichen or moss. The clutch consists of 4-5 light blue eggs, with purply-brown spots. Incubation takes 12-13 days with a further 13-16 days to fledging. There is 1 brood in the season which lasts from April to the end of June.
The diet includes insects in breeding season and mainly seeds at other times.
[ edit] Vocalisation
Song: A series of Chip-Chip-Chip notes
Call: A loud Pink Pink
Listen in an external program
[ edit] References
Thread in the BF id forum discussing aberrant bluish Chaffinch.
Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
[ edit] External Links