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Common Pochard

From Opus

MalePhoto by redwing
Male
Photo by redwing
Aythya ferina

Contents

[edit] Identification

42–49 cm (16½-19¼ in), a mid-sized diving duck.
Adult Male

  • Chestnut red head
  • Black bill with light stripe
  • Light grey body
  • Black chest, vent, tail and rump

Female

  • Dull brown/grey
  • Richer brown head
    • Pale markings at base of bill and around eye
FemalePhoto by postcardcv
Female
Photo by postcardcv

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in western Europe from the British Isles and France east to Central Europe and more continuously from the shores of the Baltic and eastern Europe east across Asia south of the tundra to Mongolia and western China. Small numbers breed outside main range in Iceland, Spain, Italy and Greece, in Turkey and in Hokkaido, Japan.

A summer visitor to northernmost parts of range. Winters throughout the British Isles and western Europe, around the Mediterranean, Black and Caspian Seas, in India, southern China and Japan. Small numbers winter in sub-Saharan Africa.

Vagrants recorded the Faroes, Azores, Madeira; Canary Islands and Cape Verde Islands, Gambia, Thailand, Hong Kong, Philippines, Hawaii and the Aleutian Islands.

MalePhoto by Chalky WSomerset, UK, April 2010
Male
Photo by Chalky W
Somerset, UK, April 2010

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Usually breeds on medium-large, fairly deep freshwaters with some marginal vegetation. On passage and in winter often on larger, more open waters, particularly reservoirs and gravel-pits, also estuaries and sometimes on sheltered seas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

FemalePhoto by targetmanLincolnshire, June 2010
Female
Photo by targetman
Lincolnshire, June 2010

The diet consists of aquatic plants, seeds, roots of sedges and grasses; molluscs, aquatic insects and small fish, often feeding at night.

[edit] Vocalisation


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[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2016)

[edit] External Links


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