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Common Wood Pigeon

From Opus

Photo by Richard FordHampshire, UK, February 2004
Photo by Richard Ford
Hampshire, UK, February 2004
Columba palumbus

Contents

[edit] Identification

ImmaturePhoto by tom dunlopSaltwell Park, Gateshead, Durham, May 2014
Immature
Photo by tom dunlop
Saltwell Park, Gateshead, Durham, May 2014

40-42cm (15¾-16½ in)

  • Grey body
  • Pink breast
  • Green, white and purple neck patch
  • White wing patch
  • Black tipped tail
  • Bright yellow iris
  • Pink legs and bill

Juvenile: browner, duller, no neck patch.

[edit] Distribution

Europe, North Africa and Asia

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo by IanFCowpen Bewley Woodland Park, Billingham, Cleveland, May 2009
Photo by IanF
Cowpen Bewley Woodland Park, Billingham, Cleveland, May 2009

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • C. p. azorica:
  • C. p. maderensis:
  • Formerly mountains of Madeira. Probably extinct
  • C. p. excelsa:
  • C. p. palumbus:
  • C. p. iranica:
  • Southern Transcaspia to Iran
  • C. p. casiotis:

[edit] Habitat

Parks, gardens, woods, and farmland.

[edit] Behaviour

Subspecies iranica Photo by Houman Doroudi (Tormtay)Hircainian Jungle, National Botanical Garden of Iran, Tehran, Iran, May 2016
Subspecies iranica
Photo by Houman Doroudi (Tormtay)
Hircainian Jungle, National Botanical Garden of Iran, Tehran, Iran, May 2016

[edit] Diet

The diet includes grain, crops and seeds.

[edit] Breeding

Both sexes build the platform nest from twigs in a bush or shrub, particularly in evergreens. The 2 glossy white eggs are incubated by both sexes for 17 days; the young fledge 29-35 days later. There can be up to 3 clutches. Breeding can start as early as March and continue until November.

[edit] Vocalisation

Call: ru-hoo ru ru-hoo.


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. British Garden Birds
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2017)
  4. Wikipedia
  5. Birdwatching

[edit] External Links


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