Photo by IanF
Zinc Works Road, Seaton Carew, Cleveland, UK
, June 2007
- Saxicola rubicola
- Black head
- White half-collar
- Black back
- White rump
- Black tail
- Black wings with a large white patch on the top side of the inner wing
- Dark orange-red upper breast
- White or pale orange lower breast and belly
- Brown above and on head
- Indistinct pale eyebrow line
- Chestnut-buff underparts
Found in Europe (mainly S and W), northwestern Africa and Turkey.
Two subspecies recognized:
Formerly included in Common Stonechat together with African Stonechat and Siberian Stonechat.
Open rough scrubland and rough grassland with scattered shrubs.
On migration may be found in drier areas.
Most often seen in pairs perched up on a stick or shrub. It flies down onto the ground, returning to the same perch. Often flicks its wings.
This species eats mainly insects and worms.
The nest is well hidden inside a clump of vegetation and consists of an untidy bowl of grass and rootlets. It is lined neatly with rootlets and animal hairs. Four to six eggs are laid and there may be two broods.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
- BirdLife International
- The Observer's Book of Birds' Eggs ISBN 0723200602
 External Links
This link finds videos titled "European Stonechat"