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- Regulus ignicapilla
Includes: Madeira Firecrest
Patchy and discontinuous range in Europe breeding from Brittany, east across Europe, including Denmark, to about 30 degrees east in Russia.
In the south breeds in the northern half of Iberia and extreme south of Spain, central and southern France, Italy and parts of the Balkans and Greece.
Also breeds on Madeira, Mallorca, Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily and Crete, in North-West Africa and parts of northern Turkey and the Caucasus.
Very small numbers breed in Britain, mainly in southern England and the New Forest in particular.
Northern and eastern populations are migratory wintering in western Europe and around the Mediterranean, birds from remainder of range are largely resident.
Recorded as a vagrant in Finland.
There are 3 subspeces:
- R. i. madeirensis: is longer-billed with duller crown stripe and shorter [[Topography#Heads|supercilium]
- R. i. balearica: has greyer plumage
Breeds in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forest, also evergreen oak and tree-heath around the Mediterranean.
- Clements, JF. 2011. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to August 2011. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
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