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- Saltator aurantiirostris
The bill varies in colour with the male having a mainly or entirely orange bill, the female having a black bill with some orange spots and the immatures having a mainly black bill. Dark brown upperparts, buffy-orange underparts. Females are similar, although with less contrast in plumage. Conspicous white/buff eyebrow extends from directly above the eyeball over the ear and down to the chest. The throat is surrounded by a black band.
Central South America east of the Andes. Found in: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina
This is a polytypic species consisting of 6 subspecies:
- Andes of northern Peru (Cajamarca, Amazonas, La Libertad and Ancash)
- Andes of Peru (Ancash and HuĂˇnuco) to northern Chile (Arica)
- Andes of Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba to PotosĂ and northern Tarija)
- West-central Argentina (La Rioja, Mendoza and western La Pampa)
Scrubland, woods, gardens.
Hops on ground searching for food.
- Clements, JF. 2009. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2009. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
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