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Grey Partridge

From Opus

Photo by piotr biegajNorthern Poland, April 2004
Photo by piotr biegaj
Northern Poland, April 2004
Perdix perdix

Contents

[edit] Identification

  • Relatively small headed and chubby
  • Orange face and throat
  • Green bill
  • Grey legs

[edit] Male

  • White underbelly
  • Chestnut horseshoe on lower breast

[edit] Female

Similar to male, but duller

[edit] Similar Species

Artwork by ARTHUR BISHOPNorfolk. U.K, 2006
Artwork by ARTHUR BISHOP
Norfolk. U.K, 2006

Red-legged Partridge

[edit] Distribution

Breeds throughout Europe from the UK to Kazakhstan, and Scandinavia, with a patchy distribution in southern Europe.

Also found in parts of southern Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba) and northern USA, where it was introduced from Europe, as a game bird and has thrived on the prairies and agricultural land.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies[1]

There are 7 subspecies:

  • P. p. perdix:
  • P. p. sphagnetorum:
  • P. p. armoricana:
  • P. p. hispaniensis:
  • Central PyrĂ©nĂ©es (north-eastern Portugal and northern Spain)
  • P. p. lucida:
  • Finland east to Ural Mountains and south to Black Sea and northern Caucasus
  • P. p. robusta:
  • Ural Mountains to south-western Siberia and north-western China
  • P. p. canescens:
  • Turkey east to the Caucasus, Transcaucasia and north-western Iran

[edit] Habitat

Can be found on a wide variety of habitats, from farmland to moorland and sand dunes. Adults are more likely to be seen in open grass or vegetation the young, however, prefer cereal crops.

[edit] Status

Once common, the population has crashed, possibly due to farming practices.

[edit] Behaviour

Can be found in 'coveys' outside of the breeding season.

[edit] Action

They are inclined to fly close to the ground. Wing flaps produce a whirring noise.

[edit] Diet

Adults: grass, seeds and shoots; also insects when breeding.
Chicks: only eat invertebrates such as sawflies, beetles and aphids.

[edit] Breeding

Mid-April to early September. Up to 16 eggs laid in a well-hidden scrape nest lined with grass and leaves. If they lose their first clutch, they may lay again.

[edit] Vocalisation

Includes a high, hoarse keev, and a pitt-pitt-pitt when alarmed.


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. ArKive
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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