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35-39cm length. Grey upperparts, brown wings and chestnut flecked white underparts.
The male has a short erectile crest and a white-bordered black throat. The female has a shorter crest and lacks the black throat.
Twelve subspecies are recognized:
Placed in genus Bonasa by some authorities.
Dense, damp, mixed coniferous woodland, preferably with some spruce.
The nest is on the ground, and 3-6 eggs is the normal clutch size. The female takes all responsibility for incubating the eggs and caring for the chicks
This bird feeds on the ground, taking mainly plant food, supplemented by insects when breeding.
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