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Some populations are black with a voluminous red ruff on throat and upper breast. On some others, the lower breast, flanks, and belly is evenly rufous, and the rufous may even be spreading into the red on the throat. The last populations are intermediate, with lower underparts mixed black and rufous.
Five subspecies are recognized1:
Elevation preferences differ among populations. Most prefer moist forests to cloud forest or areas adjacent to those, but in some areas also found in drier forest.
Rarely flies above canopy. Seeks out fruit trees for fouraging. Males display in small leks.
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