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Alternative names: Eurasian Rock Pipit; European Rock Pipit
A robust Pipit, obviously larger than Meadow Pipit.
Most can be told from the similar structured Water Pipit by their dull grey, not white, outer tail feathers and by their all dark head with no eyestripe or wingbars. However Scandinavian Rock pipits of the race A.p.littoralis may have obvious eyestripes and wing bars and some white in their outer tail and in spring their breasts become paler, pinker and less streaked much like Water Pipits. Fortunately they usually show some diffuseness to the breast streaking and more strongly streaked mantle. In non-breeding plumage littoralis Rock pipits can also be distinguished from Water Pipit by their grey to olivaceous rather than brownish upperparts.
The diet includes insects, beetles, small fish, small shellfish and seeds.
The call of both races is a Fisst, markedly more emphatic than Meadow Pipit.
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