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Red-billed Scythebill

From Opus

Revision as of 00:13, 5 November 2018 by Deliatodd-18346 (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ←Older revision | Current revision (diff) | Newer revision→ (diff)
Photo © by Dave B Smith Pousada Aguape, MS, Brazil, September 2018
Photo © by Dave B Smith
Pousada Aguape, MS, Brazil, September 2018
Campylorhamphus trochilirostris

Contents

[edit] Identification

22–28 cm (8½-11 in)

  • Very long de-curved bill
  • Finely streaked face and breast
  • Brownish-red back and tail
  • Paler belly

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America:
Central America: occurs only in Panama
South America: Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 12 subspecies[1]:

  • C. t. brevipennis: Tropical eastern Panama (Canal Zone to Darién) and north-western Colombia
  • C. t. venezuelensis: Locally in northern Colombia and north and central Venezuela
  • C. t. thoracicus: Coastal south-western Colombia (south-western Nariño) and western Ecuador
  • C. t. zarumillanus: Coastal extreme north-western Peru (Tumbes and Piura)
  • C. t. napensis: West Amazonia (eastern Ecuador and eastern Peru)
  • C. t. notabilis: West Amazonian Brazil south of the Amazon (Rio Purús to Rio Madeira)
  • C. t. snethlageae: Central Amazonian Brazil (Rio Madeira to Rio Tapajós)
  • C. t. devius: South West Amazonia (northern Bolivia in La Paz and Cochabamba)
  • C. t. lafresnayanus: East Bolivia to south western Brazil (western Mato Grosso) and chaco of western Paraguay
  • C. t. hellmayri: South West Paraguay (Ñeembucú) and northern Argentina
  • C. t. major: Interior eastern and southern Brazil (Piauí to Minas Gerais and western Paraná)
  • C. t. trochilirostris: Coastal eastern Brazil (Pernambuco to south-eastern Bahia)

[edit] Habitat

They live in a wide variety of forest types, both lowland and hill. Observed at heights around 480 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of arthropods, spider and some vertebrates too. They forage singly or in pairs.

[edit] Breeding

Their clutch contains 2-3 eggs which are incubated by both adults.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2018)
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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