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Feather evolution: looking up close and through deep time

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Old Monday 20th May 2019, 01:47   #1
RSN
Rafael Nascimento
 
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Feather evolution: looking up close and through deep time

Xing Xu

Feather evolution: looking up close and through deep time

Science Bulletin 64 (9): 563-564, 15 May 2019
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scib.2019.03.027

No abstract

https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...MnxAu09Mw8AcGw
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Old Sunday 2nd June 2019, 08:27   #2
Fred Ruhe
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Michael J. Benton,1, Danielle Dhouailly, Baoyu Jiang, and Maria McNamara, 2019

The Early Origin of Feathers

Trends in Ecology & Evolution (advance online publication)
doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2019.04.018
https://www.sciencedirect.com/scienc...69534719301405

Highlights:

Feathers are epidermal appendages comprising mostly corneous β-proteins (formerly β-keratins), and are characteristic of birds today. There are close connections in terms of genomic regulation between numerous regularly arrayed structures in the epidermis, including denticles in sharks, dermal scales in teleost fish, epidermal scales in reptiles, feathers in birds, and hairs in mammals.
The discovery that genes specific to the production of feathers evolved at the base of Archosauria rather than the base of Aves or Avialae (birds) is matched by fossil evidence that feathers were widespread among dinosaurs and pterosaurs, the flying reptiles.
This suggests that feathers arose first, as simplemonofilaments, probably for insulation in the archosaurian ancestors of birds and dinosaurs during the Early Triassic, a time when land vertebrates were speeding up in terms of physiology, with erect gaits and endothermy.

Abstract:

Feathers have long been regarded as the innovation that drove the success of birds. However, feathers have been reported from close dinosaurian relatives of birds, and now from ornithischian dinosaurs and pterosaurs, the cousins of dinosaurs. Incomplete preservation makes these reports controversial. If true, these findings shift the origin of feathers back 80 million years before the origin of birds. Gene regulatory networks show the deep homology of scales, feathers, and hairs. Hair and feathers likely evolved in the Early Triassic ancestors of mammals and birds, at a time when synapsids and archosaurs show independent evidence of higher metabolic rates (erect gait and endothermy), as part of a major resetting of terrestrial ecosystems following the devastating end-Permian mass extinction

NOTE: Michael Benton usually posts free links to his papers, but this one is not up yet...
http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/benton/...s/default.html

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Old Sunday 2nd June 2019, 08:43   #3
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The free pdf link is now up:

Free pdf:
http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/Benton/...s/2019TREE.pdf

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