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Speckled Spinetail - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 00:40, 22 November 2016 by Deliatodd-18346 (talk | contribs) (Some extra info in ID and Distribution)
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Photo by Anselmo d Affonseca
Novo Airão, Amazonas, Brazil, January 2016
Cranioleuca gutturata

Identification

13–15 cm (5-6 in)

  • Chestnut crown
  • Buffy-yellow supercilium
  • Buffy face with brown spots
  • Brown rump and uppertail-coverts
  • Chestnut wings
  • The only member of the family to have spotted underparts
  • Rounded tips to rufous rectrices
  • Greyish-black upper mandible
  • Bluish-grey lower mandible
  • Brownish-yellow legs and feet

Sexes alike

Juvenile does not have chestnut on the crown and less on the rectrices than the adults.

Distribution

South America: found east of the Andes in Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, French Guiana Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Habitat

Varzea, river islands, flooded evergreen forests and tropical lowland forests.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists mostly of cockroaches and spiders.

Breeding

Their nest is a suspended cone constructed from moss. The entrance is at the pointed end. They are believed to be monogamous.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2016)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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