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Yellow-headed Parrot - BirdForum Opus

Revision as of 19:15, 5 December 2019 by Raymie (talk | contribs) (→‎Distribution)
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Feral birds
Photo by Stanley Jones
Brownsville, Cameron County, Texas, April 2017

Alternative name: Yellow-headed Amazon

Amazona oratrix

Includes: Tres Marias Amazon


35–38 cm (13¾-15 in)

  • Bright green overall plumage
  • Yellow head
  • Dark scallops on neck
  • Red at the bend of the wing
  • Yellow thighs
  • Blackish to bluish-violet flight feathers
  • Red patch on the outer secondaries
  • Red patch on base of the tail
  • Yellowish tip on outer tail feathers
  • Horn coloured bill
  • White or grey eyering


Lowland Mexico and northern Central America.

Feral populations (derived from escaped cagebirds) are established locally in California, Texas, and Puerto Rico.


Some authors treat this species, together with Yellow-naped Parrot, as conspecific with Yellow-crowned Parrot[1].


Three[2] to four[3] subspecies are accepted:

  • A. o. oratrix on the Pacific and Atlantic lowlands of southern and eastern Mexico
  • A. o. belizensis in Belize
  • A. o. hondurensis in northern Honduras
  • A. o. tresmariae on Tres Marias Islands (off western Mexico) - sometimes accepted as full species, Tres Marias Amazon or Tres Marias Parrot[2]


Savannas, tropical deciduous forests, mangrove forests and forest clearings.



They nest in holes in tree trunks or fallen branches about 6-23 m above ground. There is, however, little other information available.


They have a very varied diet, consisting of buds, acacia seeds, fruit and green leaves.


  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1997. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334221
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird Names (version 7.2). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2017)
  5. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links