Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Magnifying the passion for nature. Zeiss Victory Harpia 95. New!

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

African Paradise-Flycatcher

From Opus

Rufous MorphPhoto by rudydbnDurban Botanical Gardens, South Africa, September 2004
Rufous Morph
Photo by rudydbn
Durban Botanical Gardens, South Africa, September 2004
Terpsiphone viridis


[edit] Identification

18 cm (7 in) with 10-18 cm (4-7 in) long tail streamers.
Male - black head, neck and underparts, chestnut wings and tail, white wingbar.
Female - browner tint to the underparts, no wingbar and no tail streamers.
Young birds are similar to the female but duller.

The male African Paradise Flycatcher comes in two distinct forms a rufous morph and a white morph. They may even change colour from rufous to white and can sometimes be seen part way through the change with a mixture of white and rufous feathers. The dark head and blue eye are common to both forms. The female always retains the rufous colouring.

African Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone viridis) is closely related to Black-headed Paradise-Flycatcher (Terpsiphone rufiventer) , and hybrids occur with the underparts a mixture of black and red.

FemalePhoto by Steve GMandina Lodges, Makasutu, The Gambia, March 2005
Photo by Steve G
Mandina Lodges, Makasutu, The Gambia, March 2005

[edit] Distribution

Widespread throughout Africa (south of the Sahara Desert) and the Middle East
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Swaziland
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman

[edit] Taxonomy

White Morph, young male Photo by Steve GArabuko-Sokoke forest, coastal Kenya, August 2007
White Morph, young male
Photo by Steve G
Arabuko-Sokoke forest, coastal Kenya, August 2007

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies hartertiPhoto by brackenbAbha, Saudi Arabia, June 2014
Subspecies harterti
Photo by brackenb
Abha, Saudi Arabia, June 2014

There are 10 subspecies.[1]

  • T. v. viridis:
  • T. v. speciosa:
  • T. v. ferreti:
  • T. v. restricta:
  • T. v. kivuensis:
  • T. v. suahelica:
  • T. v. ungujaensis:
  • T. v. plumbeiceps:
  • T. v. granti:
  • Natal to south-western Cape Province; winters to southern Tanzania
  • T. v. harterti:

[edit] Habitat

Evergreen, coastal and riverine forests.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The clutch consists of 2-3 eggs which are laid in a tiny cup nest in a tree.

[edit] Diet

Subspecies ferretiPhoto by volker sthamerLangano, Ethiopia, March 2016
Subspecies ferreti
Photo by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia, March 2016

The diet consists of insects, including eggs and larvae, spiders; they also eat some small berries.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.19908404 seconds with 6 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 01:36.