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Canada Goose

From Opus

Photo by JosefCayon Lake, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA
Photo by Josef
Cayon Lake, Rapid City, South Dakota, USA
Branta canadensis


[edit] Identification

55–110 cm (21½-43¼ in)

  • Light-brown body
  • Black neck and head with white chinstrap
  • Breast lighter than the rest of the body
  • White vent
  • Black tail

[edit] Distribution

North America and Canada.

Widespread feral populations throughout Europe from escaped wildfowl collections.

JuvenilesPhoto by Daddylion  Grand Rapids, Michigan, June, 2009
Photo by Daddylion
Grand Rapids, Michigan, June, 2009

[edit] Taxonomy

Ornithologists named the four smallest subspecies of Canada Goose as a separate species in 2004: the Cackling Goose.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • B. c. moffitti - Large Canada Goose
  • B. c. interior - Medium Canada Goose
  • B. c. canadensis - Medium Canada Goose
  • B. c. maxima - Giant Canada Goose
Photo by MacswedeHornborgasjön, Sweden, March, 2010
Photo by Macswede
Hornborgasjön, Sweden, March, 2010
    • Formerly Great Plains, now only in wildlife reserves
  • B. c. occidentalis - Dusky Canada Goose
  • B. c. fulva - Dusky Canada Goose
  • B. c. parvipes - Lesser Canada Goose
    • Central Alaska to Canadian prairie

[edit] Habitat

Typically wetlands and farmland, occasionally urban settings.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The nest is placed near water. The clutch of 3-8 eggs is laid in a shallow depression lined with plant material and down. Incubation takes 25–28 days.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes green vegetation, grains, aquatic plants, sometimes small insects and fish.

[edit] Vocalisation

Male and female pair off with ahonk and hink, respectively, while in flight.

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  2. Wikipedia
  3. "Canada Goose" types in Greenland

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

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