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Common Redshank

From Opus

Photo by A. Meir Eilat, Israel, December 2005
Photo by A. Meir
Eilat, Israel, December 2005
Tringa totanus

Contents

[edit] Identification

27cm

  • Brownish upperparts
  • Pale underparts
  • Streaked flanks & breast
  • Whitish eye-ring
  • Short supercilium
  • Long black-tipped red bill, except in Juvenile
  • Red legs

[edit] Flight

  • White rump extending up the back, finishing in a 'v' shape
  • White trailing edges to wings

[edit] Similar Species

Ruff

[edit] Distribution

Widespread throughout Europe, Asia and Africa

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Juvenile (note lack of red on bill base)Photo by BrianWHCarsington Water, Derbyshire, England, July 2015
Juvenile (note lack of red on bill base)
Photo by BrianWH
Carsington Water, Derbyshire, England, July 2015

There are 6 subspecies[1]:

  • T. t. robusta:
  • T. t. totanus:
  • T. t. ussuriensis:
  • T. t. terrignotae:
  • Southern Manchuria; winters in south-eastern Asia
  • T. t. craggi:
  • North-western China (north-western Xinjiang); winter grounds unknown
  • T. t. eurhina:
  • Pamir Mountains to northern India and Tibet; winters in India

Two additional subspecies, britannica and meinertzhageni are generally considered invalid[2].

[edit] Habitat

Photo by ReelsNovember 2010
Photo by Reels
November 2010

A variety of wetlands.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a shallow depression on the ground, concealed near or under vegetation; the male builds the base and the female lines it with twigs and leaves. 3-5 eggs are laid and incubated by both parents for 22-25 days.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  4. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728
  5. Naturia
  6. Whatbird

[edit] External Links


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