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Common Snipe

From Opus

Photo by IanFDormans Pool, Billingham, UK, September 2003
Photo by IanF
Dormans Pool, Billingham, UK, September 2003
Gallinago gallinago

Contents

[edit] Identification

  • Brown back with creamy stripes
  • Striped head with cream central stripe
  • White belly
  • Barred flanks
  • Long bill

[edit] Similar Species

Ssp. gallinagoPhoto by Alok TewariGurgaon, Haryana, India, March-2015
Ssp. gallinago
Photo by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon, Haryana, India, March-2015

Wilson's Snipe3. The much smaller Jack Snipe.

[edit] Distribution

Breeds in northern Palearctic; winters in southern Europe, Africa, and Asia.

[edit] Taxonomy

Formerly contained Wilson's Snipe (delicata), now recognized as a full species.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies1:

[edit] Habitat

They breed in marshes, bogs, tundra and wet meadows.

[edit] Behaviour

'Drumming'Photo by Robert L JarvisTeesdale, Yorkshire, April 2010
'Drumming'
Photo by Robert L Jarvis
Teesdale, Yorkshire, April 2010

The cryptic plumage makes them difficult to see amongst the vegetation. When disturbed, they fly off in a series of zig-zags.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is well concealed on the ground.

[edit] Vocalisation

The song has been described as "Chip..per Chip..per."
Breeding display produces a drumming sound


Listen in an external program
Photo by CopoutBarton, Lincolnshire, February 2009
Photo by Copout
Barton, Lincolnshire, February 2009

[edit] Reference

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds.
  3. A thread describing the differences between this species and Wilson's Snipe is found [here]
  4. Wikipedia
  5. Nation master

[edit] External Links


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