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Corn Bunting

From Opus

Photo by john_henryLocation: Lesvos
Photo by john_henry
Location: Lesvos
Emberiza calandra

Miliaria calandra

Contents

[edit] Identification

Largest of the buntings

  • Light buffy-brown upperparts with darker streaks
  • Paler rump
  • Whitish underparts with streaked breast
  • Longish forked tail (no white on sides)
  • Thick, dark-ridged buff bill
  • Pale eye-ring

[edit] Distribution

Photo by targetmanLincolnshire, July 2010
Photo by targetman
Lincolnshire, July 2010

Widespread and still fairly common over much of the Region but has declined dramatically in some areas of North-West Europe and Scandinavia and Britain in particular.

Breeds in the British Isles (scarce in the north and west and in Ireland), and from western France and Iberia east across Europe to Belarus, Ukraine and southern Russia to the Caspian, but absent from major mountain ranges. In the north breeds in Denmark but very rare in southern Sweden, more common in Poland.

In the south breeds on the Balearics, Corsica and Sardinia, much of Italy and Sicily, southern Greece, Crete, Cyprus and Turkey, the Caucasus and northern Iraq. Also breeds in the Middle East south to northern Israel, in North Africa in Cyrenaica and from central Morocco to northern Tunisia and on the Canary Islands (although absent from Lanzarote and Fuerteventura).

[edit] Taxonomy

This is now considered a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Open country with trees, roadside hedges, wetlands, farmland and scrubby areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

Males are Polygynous, and may have up to three females each. The females take sole charge of nest building and care of the young.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: delivered from a perch and has been likened to jangling keys, or breaking glass

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2010. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2010. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/Clements%206.5.xls/view
  2. Birdwatchers Pocket Guide ISBN 1-85732-804-3
  3. Wikipedia
  4. Cyprus Wildlife

[edit] External Links


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