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Curlew Sandpiper

From Opus

Breeding plumage Photo by swarovskiuserLesvos, April 2009
Breeding plumage
Photo by swarovskiuser
Lesvos, April 2009
Calidris ferruginea

Contents

[edit] Identification

Length 18–23 cm, wingspan 38-41 cm, weight 44-117 g

  • Long black de-curved bill
  • White uppertail coverts and lower rump
  • Longish black legs

Breeding adult

  • Orange, black and white patterned above
  • Brick red below
Adult winterPhoto by SeeTohSungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, September 2012
Adult winter
Photo by SeeToh
Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Singapore, September 2012

Non-breeding adult

  • Pale sandy-grey upperparts
  • White underparts
  • White supercilium
JuvenilePhoto by youngbirder18Titchwell Marsh, RSPB, UK, August 2005
Juvenile
Photo by youngbirder18
Titchwell Marsh, RSPB, UK, August 2005

Juvenile

  • Grey and brown scalloped back
  • White belly and flanks
  • Peachy breast

[edit] Similar Species

Winter adult can resemble Dunlin; that differs in shorter bill, black stripe down the middle of the rump, and slightly shorter legs; juvenile Dunlin also differs in streaked flanks, and streaked (not peachy) breast. White-rumped Sandpiper and Stilt Sandpiper share white uppertail coverts in flight, but differ structurally; Stilt Sandpiper also has yellowish, not black, legs. Summer plumage Red Knot is larger and lighter, more orange-toned below, and has a shorter, straighter bill.

[edit] Distribution

Arctic Siberia, migrating through temperate Europe and Asia (north in May, and south in August-September) to winter in tropical Africa, south and southeast Asia and Australasia. A vagrant to North America.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Breeds on high arctic tundra; on passage and wintering in marshes, wet fields, muddy estuaries, and salt pans.

[edit] Behaviour

Adult summer in flightPhoto by NeilHong Kong, China, April 2009
Adult summer in flight
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong, China, April 2009

[edit] Diet

The diet includes snails, worms and flies.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a ground scrape and 3-4 eggs are laid.

[edit] Vocalisation

Flight call: chirrip (lower pitched than Temminck's Stint)

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Wikipedia
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

[edit] Vocalisation


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