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Alternative name: Northern Long-eared Owl
Male 35â€“38 cm (13Â¾-15 in), female 37â€“40 cm (14Â½-15Â¾ in); a medium sized owl
When seen close to it can look surprisingly cat-like.
Breeds in Britain and Ireland, and from Iberia east to the Urals and Caspian, north to central Norway coast and head of the Gulf of Bothnia. Found south to the north Mediterranean coast from southern Spain to Greece and breeds on Balearics and at a few scattered sites in Turkey. Also breeds in the Azores and Canary Islands and rarely in North-West Africa. First breeding record for Egypt in 1987 and may breed at scattered sites in the Middle East.
Northern birds are mainly migratory, leaving breeding areas in October-November to winter in western and southern Europe, and returning in March-May, those further south are resident with some dispersal of young birds.
There are four recognised subspecies:
Deciduous, mixed and coniferous woodland and forest.
Nocturnal and crepuscular.
Diet is mainly voles and small rodents. They are also known to eat small birds.
It nests in old nest of other birds.
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