Female (left) and Male exploring hole in tree. Dark eye of female indicates juvenile
Photo by m3ling
, March 2006
- Dryocopus pileatus
L. 40-49 cm
Weight 250-350 g
- Red crest
- White line down the sides of the throat
- Red malar stripe and forehead in male; black malar stripe and pale forehead in female
Juvenile like adult except for dark eye
 Confusion Species
Ivory-billed Woodpecker and Imperial Woodpecker, both of which are thought to be extinct
Canada, the eastern United States and parts of the Pacific coast.
Two subspecies are recognized: albieticola in most of the range (south British Columbia to central California and north-eastern US
pileatus in south-east US, (Illinois to Florida).
Nests are excavated in the cavities of dead trees.
Includes insects (especially beetle larvae and carpenter ants) as well as fruits, berries and nuts. Large, oval shaped cavities act as clues to the bird's presence.
A loud, wild kekekekekekekekekeke
- Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
- BF Member observations
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