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14â€“18 cm (5Â½-7 in)
 Similar species
McKay's Bunting in Alaska is very similar but generally whiter.
Found on the tundra of the northern hemisphere in North America and Eurasia. Winter visitor in Britain & Ireland (mostly mid Sep-Apr), mainly from Scandinavia and Greenland, but small numbers breed in Scotland.
Four subspecies recognized:
Breeds on tundra in the north and on high mountain tops with similar habitat further south. Winters largely on sandy and shingle coasts, salt marsh and rough coastal fields.
The diet includes weed and grass seeds, and insects.
It builds an open cup of moss and grass, lined with fine grasses, rootlets, and fur and feathers which is placed well back in cavity in rocks, such as cracks.
The clutch consists of 2-7 creamy white, with variable brown spots and scrawls.
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