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The average size of the adult Spoon-billed Sandpiper is six inches (about fifteen centimeters).
 Similar Species
The plumage of this sandpiper is almost exactly like the Red-necked Stints, but can be separated from this peep by the different bill-shapes and darker auriculars and a more sharply defined supercilium on the juvenile Spoon-billed. But the strange bill shape can be hard to see from a distance and some sandpipers with mud stuck on the bill tip can look as though they have the spoon shape.
The Spoon-billed Sandpiper is a rare bird and highly endangered. The global population is low, estimated about 1,000 breeding pairs. They breed in Northeast Russia. In migration and winter they are rare, and are found on the east coast of Asia as far south as the Philippines. 84 were recently found at two sites in Myanmar. There have been a few records of the Spoon-billed Sandpiper in North America; around five in western Alaska and one breeding adult in British Columbia.
The breeding habitat of this bird is on sea coasts with sand and low lying vegetation in the arctic tundra of Northeast Russia. They also spend time in brackish water. The Spoon-billed Sandpiper winters are intertidal flats and estuaries of the eastern coast of Asia. Habitat loss of the wintering wetlands are the main reason for this species low population. Luckily, some of this peep's habitat is being conserved and saved.
Display: Each pair of Spoon-billed Sandpiper hold relatively small territories. The males territorial display has trilling calls, sharp dives, circling in loops, and hovering above the ground.
As post peeps, the SBSA forages in shallow water, and mudflats during the winter. The specialized spatulate bill helps the bird grab clams, arthropods, and other invertabrates living in the sand and mud that the bill stirs up as it sweeps from side to side. During the winter the Spoon-billed Sandpiper feeds farther out from shore than the similar Red-necked Stint, which is one way to distinguish the two.
The call is often described as a high "wheet". They also make staccato, trilling calls in territorial display flights.
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