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White-throated Kingfisher

From Opus

Alternative names: White-breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by Alok TewariKeoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, Dec-2015
Nominate subspecies
Photo by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, Dec-2015
Halcyon smyrnensis

Includes: Brown-breasted Kingfisher

Contents

[edit] Identification

Subspecies H. s. fokiensisPhoto by NeilHong Kong,China, July, 2009
Subspecies H. s. fokiensis
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong,China, July, 2009

26·5–28 cm (10½-11 in)

  • Bluish-back, wings and tail
  • Chestnut head, shoulders, flanks and lower belly
  • White throat and breast
  • Red bill and legs

Sexes are similar; juveniles are a duller version of the adult.

[edit] Flight

Large white patches are visible on the open wings.

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies H. s. fusca : Courting pairPhoto by Alok TewariDist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft., India, April-2011
Subspecies H. s. fusca : Courting pair
Photo by Alok Tewari
Dist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft., India, April-2011

Egypt and Turkey east through Middle East and South Asia to the Philippines.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies H. s. perpulchraPhoto by ndwgolfLake Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 2015
Subspecies H. s. perpulchra
Photo by ndwgolf
Lake Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 2015

Five[1] or six[2] subspecies are recognized:

  • H. s. smyrnensis:
  • H. s. fusca:
  • H. s. saturatior:
  • H. s. perpulchra:
  • H. s. fokiensis:
  • H. s. gularis: Brown-breasted Kingfisher

[edit] Habitat

They make use of a mixture of habitats such as ponds, canals, swamps and mudflats, usually with some trees. The are not always found near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their varied diet consists of large insects such as crickets and grasshoppers, rodents, snakes, fish and frogs and small birds.

[edit] Breeding

As with most kingfisher species, the nest chamber is in an earthy bank. The clutch consists of 4-7 round white eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, June-2017
Two individuals calling- one near and other at a distance.Calls by Greater Coucal, Western Koel-male, Red-wattled Lapwing and Common Myna are heard in the BG.

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links



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