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Abyssinian Ground Hornbill

From Opus

MalePhoto © by volker sthamerLangano, Ethiopia
Photo © by volker sthamer
Langano, Ethiopia

Alternative name: Northern Ground Hornbill

Bucorvus abyssinicus


[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto © by Peter van ZoestAksum, Ethiopia, August 2008
Photo © by Peter van Zoest
Aksum, Ethiopia, August 2008

Length 90-100 cm (35½-39½ in)

  • Black overall plumage
  • Large bill with an open-fronted Casque on top
  • Blue circum-orbital skin
  • Blue area at the front of the throat
  • Stubby legs and toes and broad feet

Males develop red on the inflatable throat pouch; the females usually remain all blue.

[edit] Flight

  • White primaries visible in flight

[edit] Distribution

Africa. Thinly distributed south of the Sahara and north of the equator.
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Savanna and grassland.

[edit] Behaviour

Photo © by d.flackNational Park, south-eastern Senegal, March 2018
Photo © by d.flack
National Park, south-eastern Senegal, March 2018

They are normally seen alone or in small family groups, walking in a somewhat stately manner across the landscape.

Although they are primarily seen on the ground they are capable of flight when disturbed.

[edit] Diet

The diet consists of a wide variety of small vertebrates and invertebrates, including tortoises, lizards, spiders, beetles, and caterpillars; also feed on carrion, some fruits, seeds, and groundnuts.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links


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