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Eastern Spinebill - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies tenuirostris
Photo © by Neil Fifer
Melbourne, Australia, June 2004
Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris

Identification

Juvenile, Subspecies tenuirostris
Photo © by Rose Fletcher
Victor Harbor, South Australia, January 2011

13–16 cm (5-6¼ in)

  • Greyish-brown back
  • Pale cinnamon underparts
  • Black head
  • White throat with red patch
  • Rufous nape
  • Dark tail with white tips
  • Red iris
  • Long down-curved black bill

Female and juvenile - smaller and duller

Distribution

South-eastern Australia: found in New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria'

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies1:

Photo © by Hans&Judy Beste
Gold Coast, South East Queensland, 2013
  • A. t. cairnsensis:
  • Montane north-eastern Queensland (Windsor Tablelands to Paluma Range)
  • A. t. tenuirostris:
  • A. t. dubius:
  • Tasmania, King and Flinders Islands (Bass Strait)
  • A. t. halmaturinus:
  • South-eastern South Australia (Mount Lofty and Flinders Ranges; Kangaroo Island

Habitat

Forest, woodlands and gardens.

Behaviour

Diet

Their diet consists of nectar, insects, arthropods and invertebrates.

Breeding

Subspecies tenuirostris
Photo © by Kalitechnis
Kangaroo Vally, New South Wales, March 2018

They construct a deep cup-shaped nest from grass and bark, lined with feathers. The clutch consists of 1-4 pink eggs with dark reddish brown blotches and spots. They are incubated by the female for 13-16 days. Both adults care for the young.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links

GSearch checked for 2020 platform.

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