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African Finfoot - BirdForum Opus

Male, P. s. senegalensis
Photo by d.flack
Wassadou Camp, Senegal, March 2018
Podica senegalensis

Identification

Female, P. s. petersii
Photo by Alan Manson
Crocodile River, Mpumalanga, South Africa, October 2009

35–59 cm (13¾-23¼ in)
The breeding male has rather dark upperparts body plumage with pale spangling and slightly paler underparts. The foreneck/hindneck are often contrastingly bicoloured with a thin grey line running from the eye down the side of the neck. The daggerlike bill is bright red, the stiff tail long and dark whilst the legs and feet are bright orange-red.
The female is an altogether paler bird with a red-brown beak, darker hindneck whitish on the lores, chin, throat and foreneck. There is a brown area extending down the neck from behind the eye thickly edged white and the female thus seems to have a more prominent neck/facial pattern.
Immatures resemble females but are much duller in the face/neck.

Distribution

Locally in sub-Saharan Africa:
Western Africa: Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Zaire
Eastern Africa: Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po)

Taxonomy

Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies1:

Habitat

Jungle rivers, streams, pools and lakes with reeds and well vegetates edges.

Behaviour

Very little is known about the behaviour of these birds which favour the aquatic fringes of riverine forest, woodland streams and dense mangrove forest.

Action

Finfoot swim with a neck-pumping motion when relaxed but if disturbed swim fast and direct to the nearest cover with the slightly kinked neck almost flat on the water. They also climb and clamber well despite their large orange finned-feet.

Diet

They eat a wide variety of insects and their larvae, including grasshoppers, mayflies, spiders, beetles, dragonflies and millipedes.

Breeding

Apparently these birds nest in tangled roots or creepers low over the water producing only 2-3 young which seem to be cared for mainly (exclusively?) by the female.

Vocalisation

Finfoot are rarely vocal but adult males have been reported to produce a loud roaring boom though this remains to be substantiated.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Mar 2018)

Recommended Citation

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