African Quailfinch - BirdForum Opus

Male
Photo by volker sthamer
Akaki, Ethiopia, November 2010
Ortygospiza fuscocrissa

Identification

Length 9.5-10 cm, mass 8-14 g. Very small, with short tail.
Males

  • Greyish-brown upperparts
  • White barring on chest and flanks
  • Black facial mask
  • Red bill when breeding
  • Pinkish legs
  • Long hind claw

Females lack the facial mask and are duller.

Female, Subspecies fuscocrissa
Photo by volker sthamer
Akaki, Ethiopia, November 2010

Juveniles similar to the female but have fainter barring and a darker bill.

Usually located and identified by repeated djink flight call. The absence of red or orange on the rump distinguishes it from Locustfinch and Orange-breasted Waxbill.

Distribution

Most of Africa south of Sahara; Senegal east to western Cameroon, southern Sudan to Angola and south to South Africa.

Taxonomy

It was formerly considered conspecific with Black-faced Quailfinch.

Subspecies

This species has five subspecies[1]:

  • O. f. fuscocrissa:
  • O. f. muelleri (bradfieldi, miniscula):
  • O. f. smithersi:
  • O. f. pallida:
  • O. f. digressa:

Habitat

Open areas with patchy grass growth, near water, sandy grassland, marsh, farms and croplands, and recently mowed areas.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes small grass seeds and on occasional spiders or insects.

Breeding

A dome-shaped nest of grass stems and blades is built on the ground. The clutch consists of 4-6 white eggs which are incubated by both parents.

Vocalisation

The call is a metallic djink, trillink or chwillink (often given in flight), and the song is a series of click, clack, cluck notes delivered rapidly and repeatedly.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2012. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to October 2012. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019. Spreadsheet available at http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/downloadable-clements-checklist
  2. Gill, F and M Wright. 2008. Birds of the World: Recommended English Names. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ, USA. 2006. ISBN 9780691128276. Update (2008) downloaded from http://worldbirdnames.org/names.html.
  1. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  2. Answers.com
  3. Feathered Flyer

Recommended Citation

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