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African Wood Owl

From Opus

Photo © by juninho Mountain Village Lodge, Arusha, Tanzania, February 2006
Photo © by juninho
Mountain Village Lodge, Arusha, Tanzania, February 2006
Strix woodfordii

Contents

[edit] Identification

30–35 cm (11¾-13¾ in)

  • Brown upperparts with white spots
  • Whitish underparts with reddish and dark barring
  • Brown facial disk with white eyebrows
  • Dark eyes
  • No ear tufts.

[edit] Distribution

Widespread throughout sub-Saharan Africa, found in:
Western Africa: Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po)

[edit] Taxonomy

There are four subspecies;

[edit] Subspecies

There are 4 subspecies[1]:

  • S. w. nuchalis:
  • S. w. umbrina:
  • S. w. nigricantior:
  • S. w. woodfordii:

[edit] Habitat

Forest and woodland; also plantations.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, reptiles, small mammals and birds.

[edit] Breeding

They nest in a tree cavity. 1-3 eggs are laid and incubated for about 31 days. The young fledge at 5 weeks of age and can fly by 7 weeks. The young remain with parents up to 4 months and sometimes stay until the next breeding season.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. World Owl Trust
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2018)

[edit] External Links

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