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Andean Condor

From Opus

Adult MalePhoto © by DwaalgastCruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006
Adult Male
Photo © by Dwaalgast
Cruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006
Vultur gryphus

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto © by Luis RFarellones, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile, April 2018
Female
Photo © by Luis R
Farellones, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile, April 2018

Adult length of 100–130 cm (39¼-51¼ in)
Unmistakable - the world's largest flying bird. The male is larger than the female, unlike most raptors.

  • A black vulture with a ruff of white feathers surrounding the base of the neck and, especially in the male, large white patches on the wings.
  • The dull red head and neck are nearly featherless, which may flush and therefore change color according to the bird's emotional state.

The male, has a wattle on the neck and a large, dark red comb or caruncle on the crown.

Juveniles lack the distinctive white markings on neck and wings, and are instead overall grayish-brown, with blackish head and neck skin.

[edit] Distribution

South America: The Andes and coasts of Colombia to Tierra del Fuego.

Populations declining over the entire range, which historically included all the countries on the west coast of the continent.

[edit] Taxonomy

JuvenilePhoto © by Rodrigo ReyesEl Yeso, Central Andes, Central Chile, December 2008
Juvenile
Photo © by Rodrigo Reyes
El Yeso, Central Andes, Central Chile, December 2008

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Mostly now limited to high elevations. Open grasslands, paramo regions.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Flight Action

Soars on flat out-stretched wings; not often seen perched.

[edit] Diet

Photo © by DwaalgastCruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006
Photo © by Dwaalgast
Cruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006

Their diet consists mostly of carrion and medium sized mammals.

[edit] Breeding

There is little information available. The nest in shallow cliff caves.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Visual dictionary

[edit] External Links


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