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Andean Condor - BirdForum Opus

Adult Male
Photo © by Dwaalgast
Cruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006
Vultur gryphus


Photo © by Luis R
Farellones, Santiago Metropolitan Region, Chile, April 2018

Adult length of 100–130 cm (39¼-51¼ in)
Unmistakable - the world's largest flying bird. The male is larger than the female, unlike most raptors.

  • A black vulture with a ruff of white feathers surrounding the base of the neck and, especially in the male, large white patches on the wings.
  • The dull red head and neck are nearly featherless, which may flush and therefore change color according to the bird's emotional state.

The male, has a wattle on the neck and a large, dark red comb or caruncle on the crown.

Juveniles lack the distinctive white markings on neck and wings, and are instead overall grayish-brown, with blackish head and neck skin.


South America: The Andes and coasts of Colombia to Tierra del Fuego.

Populations declining over the entire range, which historically included all the countries on the west coast of the continent.


Photo © by Rodrigo Reyes
El Yeso, Central Andes, Central Chile, December 2008

This is a monotypic species[1].


Mostly now limited to high elevations. Open grasslands, paramo regions.


Flight Action

Soars on flat out-stretched wings; not often seen perched.


Photo © by Dwaalgast
Cruz del Condor, Colca Canyon, Peru, September 2006

Their diet consists mostly of carrion and medium sized mammals.


There is little information available. The nest in shallow cliff caves.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Visual dictionary

Recommended Citation

External Links