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Beach Thick-knee

From Opus

Photo © by IgnacioKomodo Island, Indonesia, August 2008
Photo © by Ignacio
Komodo Island, Indonesia, August 2008

Alternative Name: Beach Stone-curlew

Esacus giganteus

Burhinus giganteus


[edit] Identification

Photo © by RMDNhulunbuy, NT, Australia, Febuary 2004
Photo © by RMD
Nhulunbuy, NT, Australia, Febuary 2004

51–57 cm (20-22½ in) A large, rather ungainly bird with an outsized beak, it could be mistaken at first glance for a heron species.

  • Greyish-brown upperparts
  • Black and white striped face
  • White shoulder patch
  • Light grey throat
  • White belly

[edit] Similar Species

The only other thick-knee or stone-curlew to occur in Australia is the Bush Thick-knee which is more generally brownish, and is not confined to the coasts.

[edit] Distribution

Photo © by MzunguKakadu Beach, Bribie Island, Queensland, September 2018
Photo © by Mzungu
Kakadu Beach, Bribie Island, Queensland, September 2018

Coastal Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines.

Status This large wading bird is endangered.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Open sandy and rocky beaches, exposed reefs, mangroves, and tidal sand or mudflats.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

It is thought their diet consists almost entirely of crabs, with the addition of some other small crustaceans.

[edit] Breeding

They lay their single egg in a shallow scrape, above the tide line; on beaches, sandbanks islands are in mangroves. They will relay if the first attempt fails. Both adults defend the nest and care for the precocial young. They become independent at around 7-12 months.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2018)
  3. NSW Office of Environment & Heritage
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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