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Black-and-white Monjita

From Opus

MalePhoto by  JamfaracoLages/SC, Brazil, October 2006
Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, October 2006
Xolmis dominicanus

Heteroxolmis dominicana


[edit] Identification

Female Photo by JamfaracoLages/SC, Brazil, September 2004
Photo by Jamfaraco
Lages/SC, Brazil, September 2004

20–20·5 cm (7¾-8 in)

  • White body
  • Black wings and tail
  • White wing-tips particularly noticeable in flight

Female: similar

  • Crown, back of neck and back are a brownish-grey

[edit] Distribution

South-eastern Brazil (Paraná) to Paraguay, Uruguay and north-east Argentina

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

This species is placed in the genus Xolmis by some authors[1][2] and Heteroxolmis by others[3].

The second part of the scientific name has recently been changed, from dominicana to dominicanus but this is not yet accepted by most world lists.

[edit] Habitat

Open areas, fields and humid fields, dry lowland grassland, seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, arable land, and pastureland.

[edit] Behaviour

Other species, such as Saffron-cowled Blackbird likes to be around this species, seemingly because it is good at detecting approaching dangers such as raptors.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists almost entirely of insects. They feed on the ground, dropping from a low perch onto their prey.

[edit] Vocalisation

Photo by Xyko PaludoCambará do Sul, RS, Brasil, November, 2017
Photo by Xyko Paludo
Cambará do Sul, RS, Brasil, November, 2017

Mostly silent. Occasionally delivers soft calls.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2014. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th ed. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0956861122
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at
  4. BirdLife International
  5. Krüger & Petry (2010). Ornitologia Tropical 21(2): 299-303
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)

[edit] External Links


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