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Black Falcon

From Opus

Photo by stoopSouth-east Queensland, 1999
Photo by stoop
South-east Queensland, 1999
Falco subniger


[edit] Identification

Male 45 cm (17¾ in), female 56 cm (22 in)

[edit] Similar Species

Black Falcon does not show banding in tail or wings, and does not show moustachial stripes in the head (these are all differences from Brown Falcon). Older birds can have some white in the head, but are otherwise black to dark brown.

Photo by Hans&Judy BesteCunnamulla, Western Queensland, October 2008
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Cunnamulla, Western Queensland, October 2008

[edit] Distribution

Australia: occurs in the interior of all mainland states, absent from coastal areas of the west, north and east and from Tasmania. Uncommon over most of range.

Resident and nomadic.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Open woodland and forest edge, plains, grasslands and farmland with scattered trees.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of mammals, such as rabbits and rats, large insects, rarely going for reptiles. They also take birds.

[edit] Breeding

They utilise large stick nests previously used by other raptors.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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